The Legal Framework For Compounding Veterinary Drugs
In general, veterinary drug compounding entails tailoring a legal drug to meet the special needs of an individual animal, for example, to potentiate the drug, enable easier administration of the drug or improve the flavor of the drug. You can obtain compounded drugs from animal compounding pharmacy stores using veterinary doctor prescriptions. Of course, government drug agencies closely monitor veterinary medical compounding at both state and Federal levels. In fact, the aforementioned agencies have come up with stringent rules and regulations to prevent possible abuse and misuse of compounded medications. Here are three such regulations:
State Pharmacy Board Stipulations
State pharmacy and veterinary medical boards are responsible for monitoring and regulating the use and distribution of compounded animal drugs within their jurisdiction. These bodies recommend and issue licenses to local veterinary compounding pharmacies, which meet the required standards. Some of these standards include:
• Knowledge and adherence to the Compliance Policy Guide (CPG) described by the FDA.
• Knowledge and adherence to the standards envisaged by the United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP).
All compounding pharmacies in the state should follow the rules under the above policies to avoid legal action.
The Federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates veterinary drugs compounding using a number of rules. For instance, the Federal Extra Label Drug Use Policy contains specific rules under which pharmacies may compound animal medications. One of these rules states that veterinary doctors should not prescribe compounded medications solely for economic purposes. Another one states that vets may only prescribe compounded drugs from existing medications approved by the FDA. Before issuing compounded medical prescriptions, there must be proof of an existing relationship between the doctor and patient. Additionally, the FDA also regulates drug compounding through the Animal Medicinal Drug Use Clarification Act. This policy document provides the conditions under which veterinary doctors may prescribe compounded drugs to animals.
A number of public and private entities assist state agents to monitor compounding pharmacies. The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) and the International Academy of Compounding Pharmacists are just two examples of such institutions. The AVMA represents over 80,000 vets working in the US. The organization has introduced several guidelines and policies to inform its members and the public in general about the usage of compounded medications. On the other hand, the International Academy of Compounded Pharmacists registers and accredits these professionals in the US. This organization has a code of conduct for its members, which regulates the use and handling of compounded drugs.
In summary, veterinary drug compounding is useful for effective treatment of some animals. Nonetheless, the practice is open to possible abuse due to lack of sufficient workers to enforce existing state and federal laws. This is why Federal, State and private organizations have come up with stringent regulations to monitor the practice among vets and pharmacies.