Berloque Dermatitis - Berloque Dermatitis Symptom, Causes & Treatment
What is Berloque Dermatitis
Berloque Dermatitis is a common skin diseases
that appear after an individual has been exposed to certain essential oils in perfume and then to sunlight.
Berloque Dermatitis is a skin condition in which patients develop a brownish to reddish discoloration of the neck and sometimes the arms due to applying perfume or cologne to the skin.
Berloque dermatitis usually occurs in women, although it can occur in persons of any age who apply fragrances containing oil of bergamot.
Synonyms and related keywords: berlock dermatitis, perfume phototoxicity, perfume photoirritation, bergapten phototoxicity, bergapten photoirritation, bergamot phototoxicity, bergamot photoirritation, photodermatitis pigmentaria, dermite pigmentée en forme de coulée
Causes of Berloque Dermatitis
Perfumes and colognes contain oil of bergamot are the known causes of this disease.
Symptoms and Treatment of Berloque Dermatitis
If the patient presents in the acute phase and is in considerable discomfort, wet compresses may be helpful in relieving the discomfort. Simple analgesia may be given if the patient is in pain.
Patients with berloque dermatitis should use a daily sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher to help keep the condition from worsening. Also, perfume should no longer be applied to areas of the skin that get sun exposure.