Aphthous Ulcers - Symptom, Causes & Treatment

Aphthous ulcers are a common and painful problem. The term "aphthous" is a derivative of the Greek word "aphtha" which means ulceration. They are a shallow ulcer with a white or whitish/yellow base surrounded by a reddish border.

Canker sores usually appear on the inner surface of the cheeks and lips, tongue, soft palate, and the base of the gums. The ulcers are shallow and are often accompanied by soreness and pain.  The ulcers usually last one to two weeks.

Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Aphthous ulcers

There is no known cause for these lesions it is believed that certain foods, fever or mental stress may precede  the outbreak of these lesions. They can be triggered by emotional stress, dietary deficiencies (especially iron, folic acid , or vitamin B12 ), menstrual periods, hormonal changes, food allergies, and similar situations.

Topical cortisone treatment applied to the ulcers several times a day may relieve the pain and shorten healing time.





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