Pregnancy Conception -  Birth conception pregnancy symptom, date and calculator

Sperm cells are formed in the testicles and mature sperm cells are released at the time of ejaculation. Normally a minumum of 60-100 million are released and often well in excess of 200 million. Although some will be lost in vagina, many will make their way through the cervix into the womb and up into the fallopian tubes. The egg, having been released from ovary will be picked up by the finger like ends of a fallopian tube. It will then be treansported down the fallopian tube. The egg is surrounded by sperm and one sperm will succeed in penetrating the outer layer of the egg. This is the point of conception after which no other sperm can penetrate the egg. Generally Conception takes place in three basic stages: ovulation, then fertilization, and the division of the fertilized egg, which then implants in the uterus.

After conception the genetic material of the sperm and egg cells merge with each other and then the fertilized egg, which starts off as a single cell, divides to form two cells, then four and so on continues to multiply until a ball of cells is formed. If you have intercourse every couple of days throughout the cycle, this is usually sufficient for conception to take place. Sperm will persist in the woman and be capable of fertilising an egg for around two days following intercourse, especially during her most fertile time.

What is Assisted Conception

Assisted conception is teh use of techniques to bring sperm and egg together and so facilitate pregnancy. In recent years, healthcare involving conception has improved immensely, especially with the insurance plans available through health insurance marketplaces.First of all, you should remember that normal pregnancy conception rates are around only 20% per month on average. If you compare this with the rates for assisted conception techniques, you can see that these techniques are often as good or sometimes better than natural rates. You should also remember that the woman's age is important both in natural and assisted conception, and that fertility starts to fall after age 35, becoming quite marked after age 40. Results vary from one fertility clinic to another and also depend on the type of patients treated. In the UK the overall live birth rate after IVF and ICSI is currently around 24% per embryo replaced. The r ate is slightly higher, around 27%, where the woman is under 38 years of age. With donor insemination, the live birth rate is around 11-12% for each treatment cycle.

The main types of assisted conception are -

Vitro Fertilization (IVF) - It is developed to treat tubal blockage but it is now also used for couples with unexplained infertility and some couples where there are problems with the sperm count.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) - This revolutionised the treatment of male-factor infertility.

Donor Insemination (DI) - In this, donated semen is placed at the cervix or inside the womb at teh time of ovulation. It can be used where the male partner has no sperm production or severe sperm problems.

If you are interested in learning how to be a part of the assisted conception process, consider earning your masters degree in nursing.


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