New Born Baby - Your baby after the birth

New born babies often look quite blue in colour, particularly on their arms and legs. This will disappear in a few minutes after they take a few breaths and turn pink. Your baby may also have some blood on his or her skin. This is usually your blood from a tear or episiotomy. Their skin may also be wrinkly and coated with a white, greasy substance that Doctors call vernix. Vernix protects the skin while the baby is in the womb surrounded by fluid.

newborn baby

When your baby is making its way down the birth canal the head has to squeeze through your pelvic bones. The skull of a baby is not rigid like an adult skull, instead it is made up of plates of bones that can move slightly to allow the shape of the baby's head to change. This movement allows the baby to squeeze its head through your pelvis more easily. This change in shape is called moulding. It may take several days after delivery for the moulding to resolve. As well as moulding there can often be some swelling of the skin over the top of the baby's head. This is where the head has been pushed against the neck of your womb and the tissues of your pelvis as your contractions push it through the birth canal. This swelling is called caput, it will resolve over a day or so. Occasionally there can be some bruising on the baby's head and this will take several days to resolve.

Newborn Baby Weight

It is usual for newborn babies to lose a little weight in the first few days, before they start to regain weight, recovering what was lost and continuing to grow. Around a tenth of their birthweight can be lost in the first few days, but by the time the baby is 10-14 days old he or she will be around the same weight as at birth. If you are concerned about your baby's weight gain you should discuss this with your Doctor or midwife.

Infant Emergency Care

One of the first questions that many new parents have when they bring an infant home from the hospital is what do I do if our child stops breathing? How do we respond if we find our infant choking? These are valid fears and questions. Fortunately, there are extremely effective emergency medical procedures that child caregivers can do in order to address these emergencies. New parents should learn CPR as well as choking relief techniques for infants and children.

CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and involves combining 30 chest compressions with 2 rescue breaths. CPR can be extremely effective on infants due to the soft bones and cartilage in the chest. The soft bones allow for very effective compressions. We highly recommend that caregivers take a class.


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