Hysteria - Causes, Symptom, Cure, Treatment of Hysteria
Hysteria is a mental and nervous disorder arising from intense anxiety. Hysteria is a feature of hysterical disorders in which a patient experiences physical symptoms that have a psychological, rather than an organic, cause and histrionic personality disorder characterized by excessive emotions, dramatics, and attention-seeking behavior.
Causes of Hysteria
Hysteria may be a defense mechanism to avoid painful emotions by unconsciously transferring this distress to the body. There may be a symbolic function for this, for example a rape victim may develop paralyzed legs. Symptoms may mimic a number of physical and neurological disorders which must be ruled out before a diagnosis of hysteria is made.
Symptoms of Hysteria
A wide range of symptom of Hysteria are regarded as hysterical The onset of hysterical attacks may be sudden, provoked especially by strong feelings or may be heralded over a period of several hours by prodromal features. The main symptoms of Hysteria include -
- inappropriate elation or sadness,
- crying without cause,
- almost conclusive laughter,
- deep sighing, cramps in the limbs,
- mild rumblings in the belly and sense of constriction in the throat.
Treatment and Cure of Hysteria
For people with hysterical disorders, a supportive healthcare environment is critical. Hysteria is curable in nearly all cases. Since the causes of hysteria are both physical and mental, treatment should be directed toward both the body and the mind. Regular appointments with a physician who acknowledges the patient's physical discomfort are important. Psychotherapy may be attempted to help the patient gain insight into the cause of their distress. Use of behavioral therapy can help to avoid reinforcing symptoms.