Eczema Information - Causes, Symptom, Treatment of Eczema, Atopic Dermatitis

Eczema and dermatitis are now generally used to describe the same skin condition. Eczema is one of the commonest reasons for dry, sensitive skin, taking its name from the Greek word ECZEMA, meaning to boil. The exact cause of atopic eczema is unknown. It may be hereditary. The patient or some family members may have other hypersensitive conditions like asthma or hay fever. This is an apt description of the inflamed rash, which is often accompanied by an intense itching, which makes scratching almost inevitable. One person in ten has eczema at some time in their life, and it affects all age groups.

Types of Eczema: Is there just one type of eczema?

No, there are many, but everyone with eczema experiences similar, unpleasant symptoms. These are some of the main types of eczema:

Atopic Dermatitis It is possible to develop atopic eczema at any age but it is most commonly found in babies and young children. Atopic eczema is thought to run in families and it is part of a group of atopic conditions, which include eczema, asthma and hay fever.

Seborrhoeic Eczema
There are two types of this condition: one is most commonly seen in babies;  the second is fairly common in younger adults. Areas affected tend to be the oily parts of the body, such as the scalp, face, groin and chest. Seborrhoeic eczema is not normally itchy.

Discoid Eczema
This condition is usually confined to the arms and legs and consists of scaly, itchy, coin-shaped patches that can blister and weep.

Varicose Eczema
This is a condition of the legs, commonly found in the elderly and people with varicose veins. Graduated medical compression stockings are commonly used to sure this condition

Contact Dermatitis
There are two types - irritant and allergic. Irritant is caused by exposure to substances such as soaps, detergents, engine oils, hair dyes and bleaches. Allergy is caused by specific sensitivity to a material such as nickel, chrome or rubber.

What is Atopic Dermatitis or Atopic Eczema?

Atopic Dermatitis or eczema is an itchy, dry hypersensitive skin disorder affecting many people. It is common in children but can occur at any age. It is not infectious or contagious.

Sign and Symptoms of Eczema

The rash may appear red, wet and weepy or dry, thickened and scaly. When the disease starts during infancy, it is sometimes called infantile eczema. This is an itchy, crusted rash that tends to be localized principally on the face and scalp, but can appear at the other sites. Scratching often aggravates the rash. The skin thickens and becomes darker. It is a chronic condition. It can affect any part of the body, particularly the elbow bends, back of the knees and the neck.

What are emollients?

Emollients are basically simple moisturisers used to combat the dryness of eczema and to protect the skin from further water loss. There is a wide range of products of this kind and it may take you some time to find the one that is suitable for your skin.

Skin Disorders and Diseases

Androgenic Alopecia
Acanthosis Nigricans
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Acne Vulgaris
Acne Treatment
Actinic Keratosis
Facial Rashes
White Spots
Aphthous Ulcers
Athlete's Foot
Atopic Dermatitis
Atypical Moles
Barnacles of Aging
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Bateman's Purpura


Cholinergic Urticaria
Contact Allergy
Cherry Angioma
Chondrodermatitis Helicis
Clark's Nevus
Darkcircles Under Eyes
Dry Skin
Pruritis Ani
Berloque Dermatitis
Bullous Pemphigoid
Hand Eczema
Perioral Dermatitis
Oily Skin