Menstrual Pain or Premenstrual Pain - causes, symptoms and treatment
Premenstrual or Menstrual Pain Information
In normal ovulatory women, somatic symptoms during the few days prior to menses may be insignificant or disabling. Such symptoms include edema, breast engorgement, and abdominal bloating or discomfort. A symprom complex of cyclic irritability. depression, and lethargy is known as Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS).
Causes of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
PMS appears to be caused by changes in gonadal steriod levels. Although there is no consenses about therapy, randomized, controlled trails suggest significant improvment with the daily use of serotonin-reuptake inhibitors.
Severe or incapacitating uterine cramping during ovulatory menses and in the absence of demonstrable disorders of the pelvis is termed as primary dysmenorrhea. Primary Dysmenorrhea is caused by prostaglandin-induced uterine inchemia an dis treated with progtaglandin synthetase inhibitors and oral contraceptive agents.