Contact Allergy, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment of Contact Allergy
Contact allergy is a common skin disorder. Contact allergy is a sensitivity reaction of the skin which some people develop on contact with substances usually harmless to others. These substances, or allergens as they are called, can enter the skin and cause the skin to react in a rash.
What are the most common contact allergens?
The most common allergens are nickel, (in costume jewelry), cosmetics, dyes, perfumes, metals, industrial chemicals, rubber products, medicaments. People can be allergic to almost anything including foods.
Is there a cure / Treatment for contact allergy?
In many cases, removing the cause of the allergy - the allergen can relieve the patient's symptoms. With understanding and knowledge of their problems, most sufferers from allergic conditions can lead normal lives. Contact allergy, once developed is usually life-long. The care of allergic condition is not, however, solely a medical responsibility. Success depends on early diagnosis and co-operation between doctor and patient. Medication helps to relieve symptoms.
How does an allergen cause trouble in Contact allergy?
When an allergen comes into contact with the skin, the tiny cells in the skin react by producing active chemicals. These active chemicals in the skin produce irritation resulting in itching rashes. This sensitivity may not appear suddenly or immediately, but only after repeated exposure to the offending allergen.
How is contact allergy Diagnosed and confirmed?
When a patient or a doctor suspects an allergy, a case history will be taken which will include information on home and work, living habits and time of year when the symptoms occur. The doctor will decide from this what tests are necessary. He will then carry out skin tests (patch test and / or prick test) to different materials, and the results of these tests, together with the case history, will help him decide what treatment is needed.