Bottle feeding, Milk Feeding by Bottle and breast to a Baby

Most experts consider that the bottle fed baby just like the breast fed baby should be fed on demand. When you start to give the baby a bottle you should first of all check that the milk is not too warm by dropping a few drops onto the back of your hand. Cradle the baby in your arms with its head tilted slightly backwards. Keep the bottle tipped up so that there is no air in the teat, otherwise the baby will suck in and swallow air, which can lead to the baby having a lot of wind. Bottle fed babies have a tendency to have more wind than breast fed babies. The baby can be winded by holding the baby over your shoulder or sitting the baby upright and gently patting the baby's back. If you plan to bottle feed you should ask your midwife to go over the feeding routine with you.

Bottle Feeding to baby

You will need bottles and teats, a minimum of 4 and ideally 6, a sterilising unit, a bottle brush, formula milk, a scoop for the milk powder or granules that usually comes with the formula milk, and something like a plastic knife to level off the scoopfuls of milk powder. You can make up feeds and store then in the refrigerator for up to 24 hours with the teats covered by the bottle caps. Warm up the bottle by placing in warm water or a special bottle warmer, which can be bought from most baby stores, before each feed.

Sterilising is very important in order to avoid the baby getting any infections, especially those causing vomiting and diarrhoea. Firstly the bottles, teats and bottle caps must be thoroughly washed with detergent in warm water. You will need the bottle brush to get any remaining milk from the inside of the bottles. Turning the teats inside out can help you ensure that the inside of the teat is clean. Rinse the equipment thoroughly to make sure that no detergent is left on the bottles or teats.

You should then place the equipment in a sterilising unit. There are a variety of sterilising units. Steam sterilisers, sterilising tanks that immerse the equipment in sterilising fluid, and sterilising units, which go into microwave ovens, can all be used. If you use sterilising tanks make sure that all the equipment is below the surface when sterilising, and that there are no air bubbles, rinse the equipment in cooled boiled water before use, and change the sterilising fluid each day. If you use a steam steriliser make sure that the equipment has cooled down before use.

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